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HomeAdvocate - State and local cycling laws

It's The Law!

Oklahoma Bicycling related statutes

Web page containing the full text of Oklahoma Title 47 - Motor Vehicles, which includes statutes related to bicycle riding.


Oklahoma Title 47 - Motor Vehicles



Accordion Widget
Title 47 sections referencing "bicycle" ... click "+" to expand ...
Title 47 sections referencing "bicycle" ... click "+" to expand ...

Chapter 1 - Definitions of Words and Phrases

SECTION 1-104 
- Bicycle, Electric-Assisted Bicycle, and Motorized Bicycle.
A. A bicycle is any device propelled solely by human power upon which any person or persons may ride, having a seat or saddle for the use of each rider and:

1. On a bicycle, two tandem wheels, either of which is twenty (20) inches or more in diameter;

2. On a tricycle, three wheels in any configuration, of which at least one is twenty (20) inches or more in diameter; or

3. On a quadcycle, four wheels in any configuration, of which at least two are twenty (20) inches or more in diameter.

The wheel diameter provisions of this subsection shall not apply to recumbent bicycles.


B. An electric-assisted bicycle is any bicycle with:

1. Two or three wheels;

2. Fully operative pedals for human propulsion and equipped with an electric motor:

a. with a power output not to exceed one thousand (1,000) watts,

b. incapable of propelling the device at a speed of more than twenty (20) miles per hour on level ground, and

c. incapable of further increasing the speed of the device when human power alone is used to propel the device at a speed of twenty (20) miles per hour or more.

An electric-assisted bicycle shall meet the requirements of the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards as set forth in federal regulations and shall operate in such a manner that the electric motor disengages or ceases to function when the brakes are applied.


C. A motorized bicycle is any bicycle having:

1. Fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power;

2. An automatic transmission; and

3. A combustion engine with a piston or rotor displacement of fifty cubic centimeters (50 cu cm) or less, regardless of the number of chambers in the engine, which is capable of propelling the bicycle at a maximum design speed of not more than thirty (30) miles per hour on level ground.


D. As used in this title, the term "bicycle" shall include tricycles, quadcycles, or similar human-powered devices, electric-assisted bicycles, and motorized bicycles unless otherwise specifically indicated.

 

Chapter 11, Rules of the Road

Section 11-805.2 - Operation of Electric-Assisted Bicycles

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, operators of electric-assisted bicycles, as defined in Section 1-104 of this title, shall:

1. Possess a Class A, B, C or D license, but shall be exempt from a motorcycle endorsement;

2. Not be subject to motor vehicle liability insurance requirements only as they pertain to the operation of electric-assisted bicycles;

3. Be authorized to operate an electric-assisted bicycle wherever bicycles are authorized to be operated;

4. Be prohibited from operating an electric-assisted bicycle wherever bicycles are prohibited from operating; and

5. Wear a properly fitted and fastened bicycle helmet which meets the standards of the American National Standards Institute or the Snell Memorial Foundation Standards for protective headgear for use in bicycling, provided such operator is eighteen (18) years of age or less.


Section 11-1103 - Riding on Motorcycle, Motor-Driven Cycle, Motorized Scooter, Bicycle, or Electric-Assisted Bicycle 

A. No person under the age of sixteen (16) years shall drive a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, motorized scooter, motorized bicycle, or an electric-assisted bicycle on any highway of this state while transporting any other person.


B. The operator of a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, motorized scooter, motorized bicycle, or electric-assisted bicycle who has attained the age of sixteen (16) years or older may carry a passenger if the vehicle has a wheel diameter of twelve (12) inches or greater and is factory-designed and equipped with either:

1. A double seating device with double foot rests; or

2. A sidecar attachment providing a separate seat space within such sidecar attachment for each person riding therein so that such person shall be seated entirely within the body of said sidecar.


C. No rider of a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, motorized scooter, motorized bicycle, or electric-assisted bicycle shall hold to any moving vehicle for the purpose of being propelled.


D. No driver of a motorcycle, motor-driven cycle, motorized scooter, motorized bicycle, or electric-assisted bicycle shall pass other vehicles between lanes of traffic traveling in the same direction. This subsection shall not apply to the operator of an authorized emergency vehicle.

Section 11-1203 - Riding on Bicycle or Motorized Scooter

A. A person operating a bicycle shall ride upon or astride a permanent and regular attached seat.


B. No bicycle or motorized scooter shall be used to carry more persons at one time than the number for which it is designed and equipped.


Section 11-1205 - Riding on Roadways and Bicycle Paths

A. Every person operating a bicycle or motorized scooter upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride as near as practicable to the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway, except under any of the following situations:

1. When overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction;

2. When preparing for a left turn at an intersection or into a private road or driveway;

3. When reasonably necessary to avoid conditions and while exercising due care, including but not limited to:

a. fixed or moving objects,

b. parked or moving vehicles,

c. pedestrians or animals,

d. surface hazards, or

e. any time it is unsafe to continue along the right-hand curb or edge of the roadway; and

4. When riding in the right-turn-only lane.


B. Any person riding a bicycle or motorized scooter upon a one-way street or highway with two or more marked lanes of travel may ride as near as practicable to the left-hand curb or edge of the street or highway.


C. No person operating a bicycle or motorized scooter shall pass other vehicles between lanes of traffic traveling in the same direction.


D. Persons riding bicycles or motorized scooters upon a roadway shall not ride more than two abreast except on paths or parts of roadways set aside for the exclusive use of bicycles or motorized scooters. Persons riding two abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable flow of traffic and, on a laned roadway, shall ridge within a single lane.


E. Wherever a usable path for bicycles or motorized scooters has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle or motorized scooter riders shall use the path and shall not use the roadway if required by local, municipal or county ordinances.

Section 11-1208 - Overtaking Bicycles - Penalties

A. When overtaking and passing a bicycle proceeding in the same direction, a person driving a motor vehicle shall exercise due care by leaving a safe distance between the motor vehicle and the bicycle of not less than three (3) feet until the motor vehicle is safely past the overtaken bicycle.


B. If a person violates the provisions of subsection A of this section and the violation results in a collision causing serious physical injury to another person, the person shall be subject to a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00).


C. If a person violates the provisions of subsection A of this section and the violation results in the death of another person, the person shall be subject to a fine of not more than One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), in addition to any other penalties prescribed by law.


Chapter 12 - Equipment of Vehicles
  Article 7 - Bicycles


Section 12-701 - Not Applicable to Bicycles Unless Made Specifically Applicable
No provision in this chapter shall apply to bicycles or to equipment for use on bicycles except as to provisions in this article or unless a provision has been made specifically applicable to bicyclists, bicycles or their equipment. As used in Chapter 12 of this title, "bicycle" shall include, unless otherwise specifically indicated, bicycles, mopeds, motorized bicycles, and electric-assisted bicycles, as those terms are defined in Chapter 1 of this title.

Section 12-702 - Bicycle Lamp - Requirements
Every bicycle in use at the times described in subsection B of Section 12-201 of Title 47 of the Oklahoma Statutes shall be equipped with a lamp on the front emitting a white light visible from a distance of at least one thousand (1,000) feet to the front.  This section shall not apply to a street or highway with a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less.

Section 12-703 - Bicycle Rear Lamp - Requirements
Every bicycle in use at the times described in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title shall be equipped with a lamp on the rear emitting a red light visible from a distance of at least one thousand (1,000) feet to the rear. This section shall not apply to a street or highway with a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less.

Section 12-704 - Bicycle - Rear Reflector - Requirements
Every bicycle shall be equipped with a red reflector which shall be visible for six hundred (600) feet to the rear when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle.


Section 12-705 - Bicycle - Lighted Lamp - Requirements

Every bicycle shall be equipped with a lighted lamp visible from both sides from a distance of at least one thousand (1,000) feet.  This section shall not apply to a street or highway with a speed limit of twenty-five (25) miles per hour or less.

Section 12-706 - Reflective Material - Requirements
Every bicycle when in use at the times described in subsection B of Section 12-201 of this title shall be equipped with reflective material of sufficient size and reflectivity to be visible from both sides for six hundred (600) feet when directly in front of lawful lower beams of headlamps on a motor vehicle.

Section 12-707 - Additional Lights and Reflectors - Requirements
A bicycle or its rider may be equipped with lights or reflectors in addition to those required by the foregoing sections; provided, such lights or reflectors shall comply with the provisions and limitations of Article II of Chapter 12 of this title.


Section 12-708 - Bicycle - Brakes Requirements

Every bicycle shall be equipped with a brake or brakes which will enable its driver to stop the bicycle within twenty-five (25) feet from a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on dry, level, clean pavement.

Section 12-709 - Bicycle - Siren Not Permitted

bicycle shall not be equipped with, nor shall any person use upon a bicycle, any siren.



League of American Bicyclists state laws comparison


League of American Bicyclists page highlighting 13 ares of law that may minimize the risks of cycling and have a potential to reduce conflicts between bikes and cars (and other traffic).  Scroll down and select Oklahoma to see the Oklahoma law related to these 13 areas.

State Laws in 13 common areas



City of Tulsa Bicycle related ordinances

"Title 37 - Tulsa Revised Traffic Code" contains any bicycling related ordinances for the City of Tulsa.


Title 37 - Tulsa Revised Traffic Code


Chapter 10. Bicycles


Driver's Education Video from the League of American Bicyclists

Drivers Education Video created by League of Illinois Bicyclists. For more information about the curriculum used in the video visit www.bikelib.org, share the video!

Oklahoma Law is very similar to Illinois making this video a valuable review of the "Rules of the Road" for cyclists in Oklahoma.